A chronic inflammatory disease is a medical condition which is characterized by persistent inflammation. A number of diseases fall into this category, and a great deal of research has been conducted to learn more about such diseases and how they work. In many cases, a genetic component has been identified which can put people at risk of developing particular inflammatory diseases, and in some cases, multiple genes can be involved.
Patients develop a chronic inflammatory disease because the immune system has an inappropriate response to something it has been exposed to. In some cases, this means that the patient develops an autoimmune disease, in which the immune system starts to attack the body because it has become confused. In other instances, the patient experiences chronic inflammation in response to certain foods or environmental factors such as smoke. The inflammation can wax and wane, but it remains persistent and it often resists treatment.
Chronic inflammation can cause considerable damage to the tissues of the body, and it can lead to a variety of problems, depending on where it is located. Some researchers, for example, have noted that chronic inflammatory disease in the liver and digestive tract can cause changes in the brain which lead to fatigue and personality changes. These diseases can also interfere with the function of various organs, and in many cases, the inflammation can spread across the body.